Considered as a gateway to Africa, Morocco is located in North Africa’s Maghreb region. It was founded in the late 8th century by Idris ibn Abdillah, the founder of the Idrisid dynasty. The country was ruled by many independent dynasties in the centuries that followed. Morocco’s strategic location near the Mediterranean was of great interest among the European powers. As a result, the country was divided into the protectorates of Spain and France during the early 20th century. After regaining its independence in 1956, it progressed gradually and is today among the largest economies in the African continent.
During your Morocco holidays, you’ll get to explore some intriguing attractions in its leading cities. One of them is the ‘medina’ or the old neighbourhood of Marrakech, the country’s fourth-largest city. It has become a major tourist attraction over the years owing to its lively atmosphere and old-world charm. You can enter this part of Marrakech from a vast square called Jemaa-el-Fna. This square is the place where most of the city’s population converges throughout the day and in the evening. They arrive here to unwind, shop for their desired items from the stalls, savour some delicious food, or to watch the performances of local musicians, snake charmers, and acrobats.
Another fascinating attraction worth exploring is the Hassan II Mosque, located in Casablanca, the largest city in Morocco. This mosque was finished in 1993 and took 10,000 artisans to complete. It is spread over a vast area of 2 hectares and has been built using intricately carved pieces of marble, zellige tiles, and vibrant mosaics. When you’re in the capital city of Rabat, don’t forget to explore the Oudaias Kasbah. This is considered to be the most picturesque of all neighbourhoods in the country and is a peaceful district located right in the centre of the city.
While holidaying in Morocco, you can get to Chefchaouen, which is renowned for its buildings painted in shades of white and blue. It was founded as a small neighbourhood in the 15th century by Moulay Ali ibn Rashid al-Alami, a descendant of the Idrisid dynasty. The green mountainous surroundings and the brightly-painted homes of this city create quite a fascinating sight for tourists. You’ll also enjoy a relaxed environment of this city and get the chance to mingle with the locals in one of the cafes located along the main square of the city’s old quarter.
If you’re a history buff, you must not miss the Volubilis ruins located near the Meknes city. The ruins were identified in the late 19th century as those of the ancient city of Volubilis. In recent times, it has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Before being occupied by Rome, the city covered only an area of about 30 acres. When it came under the rule of the Romans, this city was expanded to about 100 acres. Most of the public buildings were built in the city’s older portions and the grand houses were built in its newer parts.